I think there should be more games to help people of all ages to learn data science and artificial intelligence. Do you know of any? Do you want to help make one? Please use the contact form and let me know.
These are some of the closest things I've found.
AI Experiments is a showcase for simple experiments that make it easier for anyone to start exploring machine learning, through pictures, drawings, language, music, and more.
Play with a Neural Network
http://playground.tensorflow.org This actually allows you to play around visually with a neural network. If you're learning about data science and AI, I'd recommend filing this away and coming back to it.